NETAJI SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE (1897 - UNKNOWN)
After returning to India Subhas joined the Nationalist Movement as a political disciple of C.R. Das. He also actively come forward to take part in the Non-Violence, Non-Cooperation Movement called by the Mahatma. But within a very short span of time he was disillusioned and wished for a free India not through non-violent path but through a radical social movement. After the death of C. R. Das, Subhas emerged as the most popular young leader of the Indian National Congress from Bengal. In 1938, he was elected the President of the Congress at the Haripura Session. But Subhas Chandra Bose's radical socialist ideology was not compatible to the Candhian idea of 'Saatyagraha', so a differences of opinion arise among them and as a result Subhas though re-elected, in 1939, stepped down from the post of the President of the Indian National Congress at Tripuri Session. He then quit Congress and formed a new party named 'Forward Block'.
In 1941, he was placed under house arrest, but he escaped from there and reached Malaya; He gave a new expression to the Indian National Movement, outside the country's frontiers by reorganizing the Indian National Army or the Azad Hind Fauj, with the help from the Japanese in 1943. He also got equal support from Hitler.
The INA joined the Japanese army in its march to India in 1944 with the famous 'Delhi Chalo' slogan on their lips to achieve freedom for their Motherland. Unfortunately, with the final defeat and surrender of Japan to the Allies, the INA also had to surrender to the British Government. The INA soldiers were trialed and Netaji was believed to have died in a plane crash near Taiwan in 1945. Till date, the nation observes National Day of Patriotism on 23rd January to commemorate his lifelong crusade.
Born- Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose, an advocate.
Related Places- Netaji Bhawan (Elgin Road,Kolkata), Cuttack (Odisha).